Rifle Range post 6

On the 9th September 2018 we were privileged to be be part of the Big Picnic event, setting up at the 200 yard firing position, for ‘target practice’. We had four rifles (deactivated and obsolete calibre) on hand, representing the evolution of the small arms used by the Volunteers and Territorial Force/Army from 1860 up to the start of the Second World War. These included an 1861 short Enfield, a Snider, a Martini Henry and an S.M.L.E. (Short, Magazine Lee Enfield).

Steve and I got the target into place, a field telephone was brought out of storage and a red musketry flag hoisted. Field telephones were used by the shooters to communicate with the markers in the gallery, though we haven’t yet located the cable connecting the firing positions to the markers’ gallery! When the red flag is raised at the firing position, it signals to all shooters to ‘cease firing’.

Red musketry flag and the 200 yard firing position bank, looking west towards the target

Imperial Sussex Yeomanry at the same location, looking east (early 20th Century)

Second World War field telephone

We had a good number of visitors throughout the afternoon, coming to see the site and have a go at (mock) target practice. A surprising number had been in the Cadets, the Army or in rifle clubs, and it was really good to hear their stories of shooting on a rifle range. Lots of the kids got to have a hands-on go with the S.M.L.E., many of whom commented on how heavy the rifle felt and how far away the target was. Steve Handerer, the range warden from the 1980’s also dropped in and gave the work his seal of approval, which is very good news.

Thanks to everyone who came and made the day a really enjoyable event.

Visitors getting a brief rifle range induction

‘Target practice’ on the range, with a 1918 dated S.M.L.E. (deactivated)

Rifle Range post 5

The main job completed at the targets over the summer was to give the workshop platform and markers’ gallery a good old clean up. This meant chopping back much of the vegetation behind the targets and clearing of the build-up of soil and rubbish within the target pits, as well as moving many wheel barrow loads of soil and chalk rubble from the workshop platform. The amusing new graffiti appeared only days after we had previously exposed the wall the in picture below.

Robin, Ollie and Steve hard at work on the workshop

Bill takes on the unenviable job of cleaning out the latrine

The culmination of this was a visit from Percy and his high powered jet spray – bringing a bowser of water up to the site, he sprayed down the target frames and pits one evening in September. The spraying made a huge difference and proved the drainage system still works! The frames have not looked this good for many years.

Markers’ gallery, after jet spraying

Markers’ gallery in November 2017

To accompany this, Percy, Roger and myself gave the vegetation on the mantlet a vigorous haircut, allowing the shape of the bank to be more properly defined from the valley firing positions.

Target visible over the trimmed mantlet bank

The site is really coming together now, but we have plenty more jobs in store for the autumn.

Rifle Range post 6

Rifle Range post 4

On June 3rd 2018 we opened up the site (as part of the Steyning Festival) to allow anyone interested to see the work we had been doing. We had two types of wooden target frame built for the occasion (Steve designed collapsible versions for ease of transport) – a 6ft frame, with the SDS logo and a 4ft frame with a typical military target (as used in the mid 20th Century).

SDS logo on the 6ft frame, visible from just beyond the 300 yard firing position

4ft frame with a military target visible above the mantlet, from the valley

The vegetation on the top of the mantlet was very dense, so we had to do a bit of pruning the day before the event, to ensure that the targets would be visible.

4ft target raised into position, viewed from the back stop, looking east towards the firing positions

6ft target raised into position, viewed from the rear

The carriages operate very smoothly and the frames can be raised and lowered with very little pressure, even fitted with the heavy wooden targets.

6ft frame bearing the SDS logo

The final visitors of the day with some of the conservation team

We were really pleased at how many people came up to visit on the day, a number of whom had their own stories of the range. We’d like to thanks them all for coming as well as for their interest and support.

Rifle Range post 5

Rifle Range post 3

On the 24th May the carriages and pulley wheel were returned to site and with the aid of P.A.C. Welding Ltd, the frame was pieced back together. Paul and Kaz did a great job, despite the heavy rain.

Target frame 1 undergoing welding repair work in the pouring rain

Finally, frame 1 was complete and in working order thirty years after the range closed.

Robin checks out the work on the repaired frame 1

Steve had made some wooden frames (to original military specifications) to slot into the carriages and we couldn’t resist putting them in place to see the whole system in operation.

A four foot wooden target frame (minus the actual target) raised into position

In addition to this, the team have put in a heroic effort cleaning the workshop platform. The timber framed workshop was dismantled many years ago and all that currently remains is the concrete base on which it stood. There was a significant amount of chalk rubble on the workshop platform, which had slumped from the valley side and all of this needed to be removed.

Workshop platform before we started cleaning it up

Workshop platform after cleaning

Amongst the chalk rubble, we found fragments of roof material, guttering and various fixings, from the structure. Olly claimed the best find, however, with one of the original metal shuttered window frames.

One of the original metal shuttered window frames.

This rounds up all the work to take place to date and at this point, I need to thank the small but dedicated team who have made the project a success:

Bill, Diccon, Justin, Matthew, Olly, Steve, Steven, Robin and Roger.

If you have any annecdotes relating to the range or want to ask any questions about the work we are doing, please do get in touch with Justin at:


Steve, Robin, Olly, Diccon and Bill enjoy a cup of tea in the target store. The weather was occasionally so bad we adopted the ‘This is survival’ motto, graffitied onto the wall behind.

Rifle Range post 4

Rifle Range post 2

Since 2017 the Rifle Range Volunteers have been focusing our efforts in the markers’ gallery (the long roofed area where the metal target frames are situated). Out of the eight target frames on site, frame 1 seemed to be the best preserved and we decided to concentrate our efforts on restoring this one to working order.

Frame 1 after raising the ‘carriages’.

Steve came up with a plan to remove the carriages and the pulley wheel system of target frame 1, which we achieved with minimal intervention and lots of elbow grease. They were then taken off site to be blasted and painted.

Pulley wheels and carriages after removal

The metal frames are taken out of the valley

The carriages loaded on the roof rack, on the way to the sand blaster

Once cleaned up it was evident that there was some serious rust damage to one of the carriages and a small amount of repair work was required. This was accomplished with the use of Steve’s garage and tool kit.

The repaired carriage

All the wheels within the roller mechanisms were removed, cleaned and greased and the remaining elements of frame 1 were de-rusted in situ (on site) with power tools.

Steve removing rust with power tools

Bill and Justin, removing rust (photo: Robin)

All bare metal of frame 1 was coated with red oxide and given a top coat of a military green.  Everything was set for the reassembly of target frame 1.

See our next Blog for more!

Rifle Range post 1

In November 2017, when the restoration of the Rifle Range began, we focused our efforts in the markers’ gallery (the long roofed area where the metal target frames are situated):

Plan of the markers’ gallery showing the main working areas

The first job was to tidy up the rubbish, resulting in six rubble sacks of glass, cans, food packaging and much more. Rubbish is a big problem up here and we are only the latest in a long line of people who have volunteered to clean it up.

The markers’ gallery contains eight metal target frames all of which are placed in brick and concrete pits. These pits had filled up with many year’s worth of organic debris, not to mention large amounts of rubbish and metalwork – cleaning these was our second challenge.

Markers’ gallery before we started work, with the target frames and pits on the left

Diccon, Roger and Bill cleaning the target pits

The largest objects removed from the pits were the two Oxford Allen autosythes (grass cutters) which were dumped here when the range closed. These were so heavy that five of us were required to heave each one out.

Olly, Diccon, Robin and Steve and the second Oxford Allen autosythe

Once the pits had been emptied it was clear that all of the target frames were essentially complete, each of them with their two ‘carriages’ resting on the base of the pits. When in use, the carriages were connected to one another by a cable, running over the top of a pulley wheel. Placed in these carriages would have been two canvas covered, wooden targets, one in the front and one in the rear so that when one carriage was raised (and its target visible for shooting at) the other would be simultaneously lowered, for repair.

Out of the eight frames on site, frame 1 seemed to be the best preserved and we decided to concentrate our efforts on restoring this one to working order. More on our next Blog . . .

Bird watching

Songs of the Dawn

Despite some very inclement weather our ‘Songs of the Dawn’ dawn chorus walks have been remarkably successful this year. Nightingale has been in full voice, and Cetti’s Warbler was also heard. It is thought there are two of each species singing presently on the Rifle Range. On the 29th April, we were treated to the song of a Wood Warbler, a first ever record for the Steyning Downland Scheme, although it hasn’t been heard since and was probably on its way to the woods of western Britain. A Lesser Whitethroat was singing last Sunday (14th May), and other birds to be heard include Chiffchaff, Whitethroat and Yellowhammer.

The final Songs of the Dawn Walk for this season (a longer version of our walk, this time without breakfast) takes place on Friday 2 June.  For more details and to book, please follow this link.

Photo of volunteers at tea break

SDS Conservation Volunteers


Vols clearing 1

The Conservation Volunteers have been busy clearing the footpath from Mill Lane Allotments up to Steyning Coombe.  We have also been carrying out maintenance on the fencing in Steyning Coombe to make sure that our heard of Dexter cattle don’t go exploring the Downs.  Our next session is on Saturday 16th July when we will be helping with the Big Seed Shake – meet on the Rifle Range at 10am.  There will also be some other jobs to do around the site in the afternoon.

Contact me if you would like further information or to join our group.   The group will meet again on Wednesday 3rd August.

Sarah Quantrill sdsvolunteers@gmail.com



Bunch of elder flowers

Elderflower cordial anyone?

Bunch of elder flowersThe elder trees are out in bloom and if the weather stays fine this weekend it’s a great time to get out and pick a few heads of elderflower to make some delicious and refreshing elderflower cordial (or even wine!).   Please pick responsibly and leave some flowers for wildlife.

We like this Elderflower Cordial recipe from River Cottage.

Welcome to the Conservation Volunteers!

This is just a quick, introductory blog to ‘say hello’ from the Conservation Volunteers. Our next meeting is next Saturday, 19th March which will be in the Secret Garden over at Pepperscoombe. We’ll meet on Newham Lane at 10am where the 30mph sign is so that everyone can help carry up tools.  The job will be do the second rotational cutting – we did the first section last winter.  Looks like it will be a lovely sunny day!

30mph sign Newham Lane